PELINKS4U - Adapted Physical Education (2022)

Editorial

As Cindy Piletic, Ph.D., mentioned in her past editorial, the "Adapted Physical Education" section editors are going to try to highlight a particular disability in each of our upcoming editions.

The intent is to provide a common ground for the discussion of the Adapted Physical Education needs of individuals with a particular type of disability.

In this edition, we will highlight autism.

Carol Huettig, Ph.D.
Section Editor

Questions to Ask, or
Thoughts to Share?

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Therapy & Respite Camps

A comprehensive list of camps designed to provide therapy and to provide respite for families is included at wizard.ucr.edu. This thorough directory of camps was developed, and is maintained, by a father in memory of his son with autism. As such, the directory is carefully constructed and the list of camps is selective.

Project TEACCH
Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication Handicaps

Project TEACCH is a comprehensive approach to teaching learners with autism. The TEACCH mission is to enable individuals with autism to function as meaningfully, and as independently as possible in the community.

The role of the physical educator and adapted physical educator is clear: to provide learners with autism the opportunity to develop and practice the skills which will be needed to enjoy a full and rich life that includes leisure, recreation, sport, and fitness activities.

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Featured Books

(Video) Teaching Double Dutch in physical education class

Children with Autism: A Parent's Guide
by Michael D. Powers
Amazon.com

Book Description
For both the new parent coping with a child's recent diagnosis and one who's an experienced advocate, Children with Autism is a must-have reference. It is the trusted, respected source of information on autism and the other conditions within the spectrum of pervasive developmental disorder (PDD).

Keys to Parenting the Child With Autism
(Barron's Parenting Keys)
by Marlene Targ Brill
Amazon.com

Book Description Autism is a developmental disorder that affects a child's communication, behavior, and social skills. This new edition has been updated to reflect current trends and technologies used in diagnosing and treating autism. Parents will find balanced and up-to-date information on therapy, education, health care, and other areas.

Child's Right to Play

Increasingly, our children are threatened with the loss of play opportunities because of:

  • Misguided administrators who want all of a child's time at school to be spent on "academic tasks."
  • Decreasing "green" space, replaced by strip malls and huge parking lots.
  • Unsafe neighborhoods where children, literally, are not safe to "go out and play".
The International Association for the Child's Right to Play is trying to refocus the attention on the critical right of children to play.

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PE for Individuals with Autism

PELINKS4U - Adapted Physical Education (4)The primary resource on the world wide web regarding physical education for individuals with autism is Project INSPIRE, hosted by Texas Woman's University. The site provides specific information regarding autism and strategies for accommodating learners with autism in physical education and aquatics.

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I have come to the frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. It is my personal approach that creates the climate. It is my daily mood that makes the weather.

As a teacher, I possess tremendous power to make a child's life miserable or joyous. I can be a tool of torture or an instrument of inspiration. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal.

It is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated, and a child humanized or dehumanized.

(Video) How to : Find physical education lesson plans

Haim Ginott [1971]

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Featured Article

Use of Physical Activity to Improve Behavior of Children with Autism
Two for One Benefits
by John O'Connor, Ron French, and Hester Henderson

"Physical activity is vital for a healthy lifestyle for children with, and without, disabilities (Huettig & O'Connor, 1999). Physical activity offers a variety of benefits for individuals with autism. Following moderate aerobic activity, children with autism may experience increases in attention span, on-task behavior, and level of correct responding. A physical activity-based program is easy to implement, and has been shown to be effective in controlling many types of inappropriate behaviors associated with autism.

Children with autism may experience initial difficulties in physical activity programs because of inability to cope with the variety of auditory, visual, and tactile stimuli in wide-open spaces. This inability to cope may be demonstrated by various behaviors, such as over sensitivity to stimuli (i.e., outbursts, pacing, hand flapping, toe walking); deficits in speech, language, and cognitive capacities; desire to avoid changes in routines; and difficulties transferring lessons from one setting to another."

Read the rest of this article here.

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Featured Web Site

Room 5
by Chris

"Room 5 is a classroom web page dedicated to helping parents and teachers ofstudents with autistic spectrum disorders. Here you will find classroom and home ideas as well as links to my favorite sites. Enjoy your stay, and be sure to send me a note if you have any questions."

Strategies for Teaching Students with Autistic Spectrum Disorders
by Chris

"The information at this site has been gleaned from a variety of sources. It consists of information and ideas which have been used in my classroom. All suggestions do not work with all students. What works for me may not necessarily work in your classroom.Be sure to check back often for updates."

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Contribute YOUR Ideas

If you have ideas, comments, letters to share, or questions about particular topics, please email one of the following Adapted PE Section Editors:

  • Carol Huettig
  • Kristi Roth
  • John O'Connor
  • Cindy Piletic

Help to support quality physical education and health education by contributing to this site.

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PELINKS4U - Adapted Physical Education (10)

Autism Definition

Autistic disorder is defined as a presence of marked abnormal and impaired development in social interaction, communication, and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interests.

The autistic disorder must manifest itself before age 3. An autistic disorder adversely affects an individual's performance. The term does not apply if an individual's educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the individual has a serious emotional disturbance.
[DSM IV]

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Daily Life Therapy

A Physical Education Based Program for Learners with Autism

Daily Life Therapy is of particular interest to physical educators, because physical education is a critical component. The following description of DLT is taken from their web site.

The primary focus of Daily Life Therapy is to establish stability of emotions gained through the pursuit of independent living, and the development of self-esteem.

The secondary focus is extensive physical exercise to establish a rhythm of life. Physical education provides benefit in the following areas:

Vigorous physical exercise is related to the release of endorphin which is a natural inhibitor of anxiety, helps reduce aggression, and inhibits self stimulatory behavior and hyperactivity. It increases on task behavior and helps the children to sleep better at night.

The children gain control of their bodies and consequently, of their behavior. They develop self control, and learn to co-operate and co-ordinate activities and exercises with other children. They learn to ride the unicycle, roller skate, and master the balance disc. Physical education is viewed as a bridge to social development. Dr. Kitahara viewed play for a child, not just as something he or she did, but as life itself.

Featured Resources

Autistic Kids

Autistic Kids is a resource website created by a father who discovered that his own son was autistic. The mission of Autistic Kids is to provide information on products, services, and other resources for families of autistic children of all ages. It is their intent to provide relevant information that can be used right away. They strive to include timely articles, product and service links, school contact information, and updates on the ever-changing laws that effect the lives of our families.

PlaySteps Autism Teaching Materials
Building Skills for Special Children

Children with special needs often require extra help to learn to play with toys. The new PlaySteps books teach constructive play, step by step, and are recommended for children 3-8 years old. The books have been field tested for two years with students with autism and multiple disabilities, and provide a helpful tool for parents and teachers targeting independent play skills.

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FAQs

What is an example of adapted physical education? ›

Some examples of these are extra-large balls and bats, rolling scooter boards, anchored balls, walkers and standers, and even wheelchair swings. There are many physical education equipment companies that specialize in equipment for APE.

What are the methods of adaptive physical education? ›

Adapted Physical Education
  • 2.1 Direct Services.
  • 2.2 Related Services.
  • 2.3 Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
  • 2.4 Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE)
  • 2.5 Individual Education Program (IEP)
  • 2.6 Individual Transition Plan (ITP)
  • 2.7 Person-First Terminology.
4 Mar 2022

What do you mean by adapted physical education? ›

Adapted physical education is specially designed instruction provided to students who are unable to participate in a regular physical education class, even with modifications, accommodations or supplementary aids and services. Adapted P.E. includes special P.E., adapted P.E., movement education, and motor development.

What is the aim of adapted physical education? ›

The primary goal of adapted physical education should be to ensure that the child is provided with physical education services that meet his/her unique needs. A consideration of the IEP team when determining if the child needs an adapted program would be the safety of the student.

What is the role of adaptive physical education teacher? ›

Physical education teachers need to undergo special training to become an adaptive physical education teacher. They are trained to evaluate and assess motor competency, physical fitness, play, recreation, leisure, and sports skills. They are required to create a programme based on the findings of their assessment.

How is adaptive physical education helpful for disabled people? ›

In adapted physical education the activities are provided to persons with disabilities by modifying the procedure, instruction, task, equipment and environment. It is important for students with disabilities to participate in general physical education with age-appropriate peers.

How many types of objectives of adaptive physical education are there? ›

School-based Adapted Physical Education is structured to teach students to: Participate regularly in developmentally age-appropriate movement and motor skills. Develop a healthy level of flexibility, balance, muscular strength and endurance, body composition, and cardio-respiratory endurance.

How adaptive physical education motivate children with disabilities? ›

Physical education programs can do a great deal to improve the lifestyle of children with special needs;they can increase competency in gross motor skills,help to control obesity,improve self-esteem and social skills,encourage an active lifestyle,and maintain motivation in various areas of life.

Where does adapted physical education is provided? ›

Adapted PE programs are usually provided directly in the general education PE class. If you have questions about APE, please contact your child's case manager. Schools must provide physical education opportunities for students with disabilities that promote the following: Development of physical and motor skills.

What are the 5 objectives of physical education? ›

The main objectives of physical education are to: develop motor abilities like strength, speed, endurance, coordination, flexibility, agility and balance, as they are important aspects for good performance in different games and sports.

What is the main aim of adaptive physical education class 11th? ›

Participate regularly in developmentally age-appropriate movement and motor skills.

What is adapted physical education and sports? ›

Adapted Physical Education is physical education which has been adapted or modified, so that it is as appropriate for the person with a disability as it is for a person without a disability.

What skills do adapted physical education teachers need? ›

The Adapted Physical Education Teacher

Adapted physical education teachers must have knowledge and competencies in the following: Developmental teaching methods in physical and motor fitness, fundamental motor skills, and skills in individual sports and other activities, as well as group sports and games.

What is the history of adapted physical education? ›

The history of Adapted Physical Education began with the implementation of P.L. 94–142 in 1975. This act recognized physical education as a direct service. Specially designed physical education programs must be made available to every disabled child receiving a Free, Appropriate Public Education (FAPE).

What are the objectives of adaptive? ›

This is Expert Verified Answer

1. To let the child participate regularly in movements that is age-appropriate to help develop the motor-skills. 2. To develop a healthy level of balance, flexibility, muscular strength, body composition, and cardio-respiratory endurance.

What is difference between disability and disorder? ›

Answer: Disability, whether it is physical or mental, is of permanent nature, but disorder can be temporary or permanent.

What is the principle of physical activity? ›

The principles of specificity, progression, overload, adaptation, and reversibility are why practicing frequently and consistently are so important if you want to improve your performance. Missed sessions cannot really be made up within the context of a single season.

What is the importance of physical education for special needs children? ›

Better emotional and psychological health:physical activities are beneficial for children with special needs because such activities improve psychological and emotional health. Cognitive benefits: physical activities lead to cognitive skill improvement in children with disabilities.

How do you include students with disabilities in physical education? ›

The following strategies will help you build a more inclusive environment:
  1. Talk to your class about inclusion. ...
  2. Use “People First” language. ...
  3. Get to know your students. ...
  4. Consult with specialists. ...
  5. Engage your students when adapting activities. ...
  6. Adapting rules and instructions. ...
  7. Modify activities.
6 Apr 2017

What are the strategies to make physical activities accessible for children with special needs? ›

Capability: The selected physical activities must be according to the capability of the person with a disability. Modified equipment: As per the capability of the person with disability equipment must be modified so they can be used easily. Suitable Environment: At the time of play environment must be pleasant.

What is adapted physical education and sport? ›

Adapted physical education (APE) means a specially designed program of developmental activities, games, sports and rhythms suited to the interests, capacities and limitations of students with disabilities who may not safely or successfully engage in unrestricted participation in the activities of the regular physical ...

What is Adaptive physical education and sports? ›

Adapted physical education is the art and science of developing and implementing a carefully designed physical education instructional program for an individual with a disability, based on a comprehensive assessment, to give the individual the skills necessary for a lifetime of rich leisure, recreation, and sport ...

What is adapted physical education 11? ›

Meaning of Adaptive Physical Education: Adaptive Physical Educations is a modified program of games, sports and other development activities that is suited to the interest. The Adaptive physical Education is based according to Capacities and limitations of students and individuals with special needs.

How do you determine if a student should be considered for adapted physical education ape services? ›

SHAPE America recommends that students be considered eligible for adapted physical education services if their comprehensive score is 1.5 standard deviations below the mean on a norm-referenced test, or at least two years below age level on criterion-referenced tests or other tests of physical and motor fitness.

Where does adapted physical education is provided? ›

Adapted PE programs are usually provided directly in the general education PE class. If you have questions about APE, please contact your child's case manager. Schools must provide physical education opportunities for students with disabilities that promote the following: Development of physical and motor skills.

How Adaptive physical education motivate children with disabilities? ›

Physical education programs can do a great deal to improve the lifestyle of children with special needs;they can increase competency in gross motor skills,help to control obesity,improve self-esteem and social skills,encourage an active lifestyle,and maintain motivation in various areas of life.

Why is it important to adopt innovative physical education? ›

Innovative physical education means meeting students at their level, providing guidance to strengthen skills, and instilling a lifetime love of movement. As instructors look to the future, including these innovative lessons in their curriculum can pave the way for students to embrace physical education.

What is Paralympics 11 physical education? ›

The Paralympic Games are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. This includes mobility disabilities, amputees, visual disabilities and those with cerebral palsy.

How many types of objectives of adaptive physical education are there? ›

School-based Adapted Physical Education is structured to teach students to: Participate regularly in developmentally age-appropriate movement and motor skills. Develop a healthy level of flexibility, balance, muscular strength and endurance, body composition, and cardio-respiratory endurance.

What is the history of adapted physical education? ›

The history of Adapted Physical Education began with the implementation of P.L. 94–142 in 1975. This act recognized physical education as a direct service. Specially designed physical education programs must be made available to every disabled child receiving a Free, Appropriate Public Education (FAPE).

How do you accommodate students with special needs in physical education? ›

Modify activities
  1. Let partners/peers assist.
  2. Eliminate time limits.
  3. Allow balls to be stationary.
  4. Modify the purpose of the activity.
  5. Use models to show the activity.
  6. Reduce number of players per team.
  7. Slow the pace of the activity.
  8. Provide rest periods as needed.
6 Apr 2017

What should be included in an IEP for physical education? ›

At a minimum, if your child is receiving specially designed or adapted physical education, the IEP should include a summary of present level of performance in physical education content, the frequency and duration (minutes and days per week or stipulated time period) of physical education services, measurable goals and ...

What are the obstacles faced in the implementation of adapted physical education? ›

The results indicated that the major difficulties faced were low wages, precarious infrastructure and lack of materials. Physical education is devalued, the space allocated is inadequate, and it is treated as mere recreation. Teachers criticized the lack of commitment of some colleagues who work without planning.

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