11 Cutting Edge Physical Therapy Techniques That are Changing Lives (2022)

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As the Baby Boomer population continues to age, the need for physical therapy is growing rapidly. Physical therapists are becoming overwhelmed by too much demand and not enough supply.

Fortunately, emerging medical technologies are picking up a lot of the slack. And meanwhile, many of the tried and true physical therapy techniques continue to be effective.

So just what are the current trends in physical therapy? Read on to find out.

In this article, we give you up-to-date information on the most popular physical therapy tools, techniques, and technologies that are being used today.

Look below to check out today’s cutting-edge physical therapy practices.

Cutting-Edge Physical Therapy Techniques

Though medical technology continues to advance, there is still a place for these traditional physical therapy techniques.

1. Aquatic Therapy

The employment of water-based physical therapy remains strong in 2018. In fact, thanks to the aging of the enormous Baby Boomer population, it may be more popular than ever.

The gravity-defying effects of aquatic therapy and resistance that the water provides makes it uniquely helpful to several types of patients. It is particularly beneficial to patients with joint pain, extreme obesity, or other mobility-limiting factors.

Patients who benefit most from aquatic therapy include those with arthritis, fibromyalgia, muscle spasms, nerve damage, and spinal problems. Aquatic therapy has been proven superior to other exercise-based therapy techniques for such patients.

The buoyancy afforded by the water takes the pressure off of aching joints or other affected areas. This buoyancy allows patients to perform physical therapy exercises with a better range of motion.

And while this makes the treatment feel easier, the motion is met with resistance in the water. This helps the patient build up the desired muscle strength, too. Also, the warm water helps relax muscles and boost blood circulation during treatment.

2. Strength Training

Lately, there seems to be more emphasis on incorporating strength training into physical therapy. This is both for rehabilitation and for prevention of reinjury or injuries in general.

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As you know, most physical therapy techniques have always been exercise-based. They already include exercises to strengthen specific muscles related to the diagnosis. These are of great benefit during the early stages of therapy and are effective at rebuilding muscles around the affected area.

But what we’re talking about here is an increased emphasis on general weight training to strengthen all muscle groups. Therapists are finding that specific, therapy-focused exercises aren’t sufficient to prepare the patient to perform any real-life activities.

They merely improve the patient’s ability to perform the exercises themselves.

But strengthening the entire body better equips the patient for most, if not all, real-life functions/activities their day requires.

This training also strengthens the secondary muscle groups that help support and stabilize any muscle groups that are currently impaired. This gives the patient more muscular reinforcement to compensate for their condition.

3. Tele-Therapy

One of the most common reasons people need physical therapy is limited mobility. Unfortunately, this same reason makes it hard for many to receive the care they need.
People suffering from limited mobility or recent injury may not be physically able to drive to their local clinic for an appointment. Even getting on a bus can seem like too much of a challenge.

Because of these difficulties, many patients decide to stay home and never complete their therapy program. In turn, their decision to stay home leads to painful and dangerous complications or reinjury.

Fortunately, telemedicine (house calls) is becoming more popular in the field of physical therapy. Those who have difficulty getting to the clinic can complete their therapy at home. As telemedicine becomes more available, we will see many more treatment plans completed and much fewer readmissions for those who would otherwise not seek treatment.

Light Therapy

Light therapy is the application of red, infrared, and near-infrared light to invoke a positive cellular reaction. Light therapy acts on light-reactive molecules in our cells called chromophores. Just like the chlorophyll in plants, chromophores trigger a cellular response when exposed to certain wavelengths of light.

Light therapy treatment increases cellular production of ATP, collagen, DNA and other materials our body uses to heal. This makes it extremely useful for accelerating the healing of damaged tissues, both internal and external. Not only is it completely noninvasive, but it can even stimulate the healing of muscles that aren’t healing on their own.

It can also be used to combat specific symptoms. It is proven to reduce pain and inflammation associated with arthritis, carpal tunnel, and other conditions.

4. Low-Level Laser Therapy

Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been standard practice in physical rehabilitation for over a decade. There are numerous studies proving its effectiveness in treating injuries, chronic pain, even hair loss.

LLLT is also proven effective against a number of very serious conditions. It’s used to treat victims of stroke, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, and degenerative central nervous system disorders.

5. Light Therapy LEDs

More recently, LEDs are being used in light therapy to treat these same conditions. They have been found particularly effective at healing burns and other wounds.

Light Therapy LEDs have access to a broader spectrum of light wavelengths than lasers do. So they can treat burns with light wavelengths less likely to cause burns than laser therapy.

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There are also many different light therapy LED devices available for use at home.

Rehab Robotics

Robotics is arguably the most revolutionary of physical therapy technologies. Previously, rehabilitating a person with paralysis required a therapist to crawl on the floor while moving the patient’s legs with their hands.

Now, this is achieved more easily and more accurately using robotic treadmills and exoskeletons. These machines move the patient’s legs in a normal walking pattern with much more precision than a therapist could manually. These robotics even have sensors to detect the patient’s reactions to the treatment and respond accordingly.

6. Lokomat

Lokomat is a robotic treadmill that helps restore patients to a proper gait. It supports the patient’s body weight so they can practice moving their legs in a walking motion without having to support their own weight. It’s used to treat a variety of patients, including those affected by stroke, brain or spinal injury, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis.

The therapist is still present, controlling the functions of the Lokomat. They adjust the walking speed and the amount of weight the patient supports as needed throughout the training.

7. Bionic Suits/Exoskeletons

Another class of robotics is the exoskeleton: a wearable, robotic suit that helps the same way as the Lokomat. These suits work as a harness to support the weight of the user. But they use their own battery power to help the patient walk around on the floor instead of on a treadmill.

The clear benefit here is an increased range of motion during therapy. Instead of always traveling in a straight line, users can turn right or left. It also frees up the hands of the therapist so they can help the patient in any way necessary.

Games and Apps

Robotics isn’t the only technological advancement that’s revolutionizing physical therapy. As mobile apps have become commonplace, use of games and apps in physical therapy has become increasingly popular.

This is also primarily due to the success of fitness apps. People use fitness apps to count their steps or track their calories.

In the same way, they now use apps to measure and track the success of their physical therapy treatment. Apps and wearable devices are used to measure the range of motion of joints and monitor patients’ movements and vital signs. Such apps are helpful to both patients and therapists.

Below is a more detailed look at how apps, games, and other programs are improving the world of physical therapy.

8. Gamified Physical Therapy

More and more, we’re seeing gaming incorporated into many different physical therapy treatments. Physical therapy can be a stressful and even depressing process for many patients. Adding a gaming aspect to the treatment makes it more enjoyable and distracts from depressing thoughts or depression.

The entertainment value and the goal-oriented structure of games also help motivate many patients toward improvement. The hope is that these factors will make patients more engaged and more likely to complete treatment. But more research is needed to confirm gaming’s effectiveness in physical therapy treatment.

Many therapists use the Nintendo Wii for physical rehabilitation. Wii games offer a fun way to practice many of the physical movements and exercises that rehabilitation requires.

The games are also competitive, which inspires participation, engagement, and buy-in among patients. And it can be done at home.

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9. Virtual Reality

In the same way as gaming elements, virtual reality offers a more stimulating therapy environment. Instead of walking around the dismal clinic room they’re sick of looking at, they can walk a scenic, outdoor hiking trail via VR.

Gaming elements can also be added to the VR environment for the same benefits listed above. Patients training to walk correctly can envision crossing a finish line.

VR games respond to the user’s movements. So they can be used to inspire any movement or exercise needed for therapy.

10. Apps For Patients

These days, there are apps for everything. That now includes physical therapy. Patients can download numerous educational physical therapy apps for personal use.

There are a lot of apps that teach detailed information about anatomy. Layered, 3D models give patients a comprehensive look at the body parts they’re having trouble with. These apps help patients gain a better understanding of their condition.

The Sports Injury Clinic app can help you diagnose sports injuries. It includes a symptom checker and a massive database of common sports injuries.

Other apps can teach you what physical therapy exercises you need and how to do them. Use these apps to search through hundreds of physical therapy videos based on your needs. Then store the videos on your phone.

Apps like PT Timer and PT Pal help you stay on track with your treatment plan. These give the patient timers for stretches and exercises, reminder alerts, and other organizational software to help them complete treatment plans.

11. Apps For Therapists

Already, the apps mentioned above help therapists tremendously. Anything an app can do to guide patients through their treatment is less work for the therapist. But in addition, there are apps that are specifically designed to help therapists and hospital staff provide quality care to their patients.


One of the most amazing is the “Stroke Wearable Operative Rehabilitation Device” (SWORD). The SWORD system uses wearable sensor devices to track patient movements. It records this data and sends it to an online database in real-time.

Therapists can then access this data to monitor the patient’s status remotely. The system even utilizes artificial intelligence to assist therapists. The AI analyzes the data and instructs patients on proper technique when doing physical therapy exercises.

iTunes Apps

Other notable apps for physical therapists and staff include Goniometer Pro, iOrtho+, Medical Spanish and BlueJay Engage. All these are currently still available in iTunes in 2018.

Goniometer Pro measures joint range-of-motion. Medical Spanish is a Spanish-to-English translation service specially equipped to translate medical terms.

iOrtho+ is an extensive database of orthopedic tests and exercises for medical staff and is organized by anatomy. Therapists can tap the afflicted area on the skeleton for instant access to all the resources they need.

BlueJay Engage makes it easy for therapists and patients to stay in contact. In addition to a text messaging program, therapists can assign exercises and other treatment information directly from the app’s database. It also tracks and graphs the patient’s progress at home for the therapist to see.


These Cutting Edge Physical Therapy Techniques are Changing Lives

Physical therapists help those who need it most. But today, they’re spread too thin to support all the elderly Baby Boomers, plus everyone else who needs their care. Now the physical therapists need all the help they can get.
But soon, with the aid of advancing medical technologies, therapists will have the tools they need to give the care that’s needed. As this new technology takes some of the workload from therapists, physical therapists can take on more patients than before.
These cutting-edge physical therapy techniques are changing the lives of therapists and patients everywhere.

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What are the newest trends in physical therapy? ›

6 New Technology Trends in Physical Therapy in 2022
  1. Motion Capture Tech. ...
  2. Virtual Reality. ...
  3. Video Games. ...
  4. Rehabilitation Robotics. ...
  5. PT Practice Management Software. ...
  6. Telehealth.

What are the new techniques for physiotherapy? ›

5 Modern PT Techniques You Can Benefit From Today
  • Blood Flow Restriction (BFR) Therapy.
  • Trigger Point Dry Needling.
  • Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy.
  • Physical Therapy for Headaches and Jaw Pain.
  • Vestibular & Balance Therapy.

What are examples of physical therapy interventions? ›

Specific Direct Interventions
  • Specific Direct Interventions.
  • Therapeutic exercise may include: • Aerobic endurance activities using. ...
  • Breathing exercises and ventilatory. muscle training. ...
  • Conditioning and reconditioning. (including ambulation activities with. ...
  • Physical Therapy . Volume 77 . ...
  • Direct Interventions continued.

What are the techniques in rehabilitation? ›

Physical therapy (cryotherapy, ultrasound therapy, thermotherapy, electrotherapy) Hydrotherapy. Myofascial instrumental therapy. Proprioceptive re-education.

How will physical therapy change in the next 10 years? ›

Physical therapy continues to be a growing field with a positive outlook as a career path. It is a $30 billion industry with a projected 30% job growth over the next 10 years.

What technology is used in physical therapy? ›

Virtual Reality

VR technology in physical therapy is primarily used to simulate environments for movement, such as walking, skiing, running, and sports. When used for assessment purposes, these simulations help the therapist develop a more accurate perspective on the patient's condition or ability.

What are the 4 types of physiotherapy? ›

Physiotherapy (PT) is a healthcare profession, which encompasses various treatment modalities such as massages, heat therapy, exercises, electrotherapy, patient education, and advice for treating an injury, ailment, or deformity.

How is technology changing physical therapy? ›

Advances in robotics and bionics help therapists diagnose more precisely, increase clinic efficiencies, and reach more patients. Furthermore, such technologies improve patient engagement and HEP compliance. All of this boils down to a better patient experience, which in turn can lead to improved outcomes.

Why does physiotherapy hurt so much? ›

Here are some common reasons you may experience some pain during physiotherapy: Scar tissue has formed – when an injury is healing, scar tissue forms around the injured area. Like filling a hole in a wall with plaster. Your body needs to do this quickly so it slaps that plaster down any which way it can.

What are the 7 principles of rehabilitation? ›

Employ the seven principles of rehabilitation
  • A: Avoid aggravation. It is important not to aggravate the injury during the rehabilitation process. ...
  • T: Timing. ...
  • C: Compliance. ...
  • I: Individualization. ...
  • S: Specific sequencing. ...
  • I: Intensity. ...
  • T: Total patient.
Aug 18, 2022

What are the 3 types of rehab? ›

The three main types of rehabilitation therapy are occupational, physical and speech.

What is the most difficult part of the rehabilitation process? ›

According to Hayward, the most difficult part of the rehab process was mental, not physical. “The hardest part of the whole process has been the mental challenge…

What are the 5 types of physical therapy? ›

The field of physical therapy has sub-specialties in five distinct practice areas:
  • Orthopedic. Orthopedic physical therapy focuses on restoring function to the musculoskeletal system, including joints, tendons, ligaments and bones. ...
  • Geriatric. ...
  • Neurological. ...
  • Cardiopulmonary. ...
  • Pediatric.

What are the 5 categories of modalities? ›

Physical therapists are trained in the therapeutic application of various basic physical agents that we call modalities. These agents are thermal [heat and cold], electrical, sound, light and mechanical, each briefly explained below.

What is the most common physical therapy? ›

Orthopedics. The most popular physical therapy specialty is orthopedic physical therapy, which involves treating conditions of the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints.

Do physical therapists get turned on? ›

Results: While most physical therapists practice within the profession's Code of Ethics, there are practitioners who date current and former patients, and condone patients' sexual banter in the clinic. Almost half (42%) of the participants acknowledged feeling sexually attracted to a patient.

How has physical therapy changed over the years? ›

In 1936, students only needed two years of education to practice physical therapy. The requirements increased to a four year baccalaureate degree in the 1960's. By the 1990's it increased again as all programs evolved to a Master's degree.

Will physical therapists make more in the future? ›

Thrive in a Growing Field

A Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) report states that employment of physical therapists is predicted to grow 21% between 2020 and 2030, much faster than the average growth rate for all occupations.

Why is there a shortage of physical therapists? ›

Beyond current COVID-19 implications, the physical therapist shortage initially began because physical therapist demand outweighs the professional supply.

What is BFR PT? ›

Blood flow restriction (or “BFR”) is a physical therapy modality that restricts blood flow to a muscle. BFR requires the application of a device similar to a blood pressure cuff or tourniquet to safely compress the blood vessels underneath.

Is there a shortage of physical therapists in USA? ›

The United States is currently in the middle of a national shortage of physical therapists and physical therapy professionals. Estimates show that by 2025, an additional 27,000 physical therapists will be needed to meet growing demand.

Where are physiotherapists paid the most? ›

According to BLS, the annual median physical therapist salary is $89,440, with a reported salary range of $62,120 to $124,740 per year. The highest paid physical therapists are in Yuba City, California, where the annual mean salary is $116,360.

What is advanced physiotherapy? ›

Advanced Practice in Physiotherapy refers to a level of clinical practice where physiotherapists make complex decisions and manage risk in unpredictable contexts using advanced clinical reasoning. It can potentially improve patient/client outcomes, health-system processes and health care costs.

What is the difference between physiotherapy and physical therapy? ›

What are the differences, and what is it that differentiates physiotherapy from physical therapy? The answer, you may be shocked to learn, is that physical therapy and physiotherapy are exactly the same! There is, in fact, no difference between the two terms and each term can be used interchangeably. They are synonyms.

Which technological advancements have directly improved therapeutic services? ›

The following are ten technological advancements in healthcare that have emerged over the last ten years.
  • The electronic health record. ...
  • mHealth. ...
  • Telemedicine/telehealth. ...
  • Portal technology. ...
  • Self-service kiosks. ...
  • Remote monitoring tools. ...
  • Sensors and wearable technology. ...
  • Wireless communication.
Sep 17, 2015

What is Wii Hab? ›

Wii-Hab - Mayo Clinic - YouTube

What is Tele rehab? ›

Telerehabilitation (TR) refers to the delivery of rehabilitation via a variety of technologies and encompasses a range of rehabilitation services that include “evaluation, assessment, monitoring, prevention, intervention, supervision, education, consultation, and coaching.” From: Telerehabilitation, 2022.

When should you give up on physical therapy? ›

In general, you should attend physical therapy until you reach your PT goals or until your therapist—and you—decide that your condition is severe enough that your goals need to be re-evaluated. Typically, it takes about 6 to 8 weeks for soft tissue to heal, so your course of PT may last about that long.

How many times a week should you do physical therapy? ›

A typical order for physical therapy will ask for 2-3 visits per week for 4-6 weeks. Sometimes the order will specify something different. What generally happens is for the first 2-3 weeks, we recommend 3x per week. This is because it will be the most intensive portion of your treatment.

Can too much physical therapy be harmful? ›

Signs your physical rehab program may be overdoing it include: Muscle failure while trying to tone and strengthen your body. Muscle soreness two days after a workout or rehab session. Excessive or “therapeutic” bruising from a deep tissue massage.

What do you mean by emerging trends in physiotherapy? ›

Currently, two of the most promising employment trends in physiotherapy are the rise of standalone clinics/rehab centres and home healthcare careers. Both these fields are showing dramatic and sustained growth and make up a majority of the total job growth predicted for the field of physiotherapy in coming years.

How will technology change physical therapy in the future? ›

Technology has allowed physical therapists to monitor their patients' progress remotely and ensure they are completing exercises with proper form. Additionally, virtual PT can help clinicians see more patients in a day, which could lead to lower physical therapy costs for patients.

What is Tele rehab? ›

Telerehabilitation (TR) refers to the delivery of rehabilitation via a variety of technologies and encompasses a range of rehabilitation services that include “evaluation, assessment, monitoring, prevention, intervention, supervision, education, consultation, and coaching.” From: Telerehabilitation, 2022.

How does blood flow restriction therapy work? ›

The goal of Blood Flow Restriction Therapy enables patients to make greater strength gains while lifting lighter loads, thereby reducing the overall stress placed on the limb. BFRT works by decreasing blood flow to working muscles with the aim of promoting hypertrophy, and preventing disuse atrophy of muscles.

What is modern physiotherapy? ›

Physiotherapy is also known as Physical therapy and is one of the allied health professions, is now an emerging and a dynamic profession which is more focused on evidence based studies andby using mechanical force and movements [Bio-mechanics or Kinesiology], Manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, ...

What is aquatic therapy used for? ›

Aquatic therapy refers to exercises performed in water for relaxation, fitness, physical rehabilitation, and other therapeutic benefit. Exercise performed in the water can bring relief to those who suffer from various neuromuscular or musculoskeletal disorders.

In what year was physical therapy established as a field of study answer in numeric form? ›

Research catalyzed the physical therapy movement. The first physical therapy research was published in the United States in March 1921 in "The PT Review." In the same year, Mary McMillan organized the American Women's Physical Therapeutic Association (now called the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA).

Why is there a shortage of physical therapists? ›

Beyond current COVID-19 implications, the physical therapist shortage initially began because physical therapist demand outweighs the professional supply.

Which technological advancements have directly improved therapeutic services? ›

The following are ten technological advancements in healthcare that have emerged over the last ten years.
  • The electronic health record. ...
  • mHealth. ...
  • Telemedicine/telehealth. ...
  • Portal technology. ...
  • Self-service kiosks. ...
  • Remote monitoring tools. ...
  • Sensors and wearable technology. ...
  • Wireless communication.
Sep 17, 2015

Are physical therapists overworked? ›

The result shouldn't be surprising: physical therapists are overworked, tired, and burned out. And if that burnout causes a PT to quit, you've lost a talented employee. Then you need to spend time, energy, and resources to replace them.

What are the benefits of telerehabilitation? ›

In general, telerehabilitation reduces the costs of both health care providers and patients compared with traditional inpatient or person-to-person rehabilitation. Furthermore, patients who live in remote places, where traditional rehabilitation services may not be easily accessible, can benefit from this technology.

Is virtual Occupational Therapy Effective? ›

Despite various study designs and outcome measures, most studies indicated positive therapeutic effects of using telerehabilitation in occupational therapy practice. There is insufficient evidence, however, to confirm that telerehabilitation is more effective than the face-to-face model.

How is telerehabilitation used in assessment and delivery of intervention? ›

Use of telerehabilitation in EI services has the potential to connect team members remotely to discuss evaluation results, treatment recommendations, and coordinate care as well as facilitate co-treatments with specialists and local therapists and provide access to specific disciplines not available within a local ...

How can I increase blood circulation in my legs? ›

Six Tips for Improving Blood Circulation in Legs
  1. Walking. Walking is a simple, low-impact exercise that can help you create a more active and healthy lifestyle and may promote weight loss. ...
  2. Stretching. ...
  3. Position Your Body. ...
  4. Wear Compression Stockings. ...
  5. Stop Smoking. ...
  6. Manage Your Stress Levels.

Does blood flow restriction training really work? ›

There's evidence that BFR training can indeed boost athletic training, and may even help patients with chronic pain or other conditions build muscle more easily, as long as it's performed correctly.

How long can you wear BFR bands? ›

Because they produce muscle growth without muscle damage, they can be done on active recovery days. And you can do multiple 20-minute sessions in a day, like one upper body and one lower.


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